What does a fire risk assessment include?

In our most recent eBook - A Guide to Life Safety Systems we look at the regulations around fire safety systems and best practices with regard to their maintenance to ensure your building remains compliant. Your buildings’ fire risk assessment (FRA) forms the basis of the systems that are present and how often they should be serviced and maintained.

To decide what is necessary for your building, the key is for the Responsible Person to work through their FRA. This is a strict legal requirement and must be undertaken. Often, if there is not an assessment in place, the buildings insurance could be null and void and could potentially attract enforcement action.

Fire risk assessments should include:

The FRA should be suitable to the premises and processes undertaken at the premises and be sufficiently well completed. There are a number of registers for fire risk assessors, JCW follow the PAS 79 Fire Risk Assessment, guidance and methodology from BSI along with the governments guidance for FRA’s that is applicable to the type and use of the premises.

When preparing an FRA the terms ‘hazard’ and ‘risk’ are used throughout the document, it is important to have a clear understanding of how these should be used.

Hazard:  anything that has the potential to cause harm.

Risk:   a combination of the chance of harm and the reasonable potential severity   from that harm.

The guidance states the following should be included in a fire risk assessment:

  • Identify the fire hazards.

  • Identify people at risk.

  • Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.

  • Record findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.

  • Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.

The Responsible Person will also need to consider:

  • Emergency routes and exits.

  • Fire detection and warning systems.

  • Fire fighting equipment.

  • The removal or safe storage of dangerous substances.

  • An emergency fire evacuation plan.

  • The needs of vulnerable people, for example the elderly, young children or those with disabilities.

  • Providing information to employees and other people on the premises.

  • Staff fire safety training.


If you require assistance with your FRA and would like to appoint a competent person to complete one for you, get in contact with us, we can complete a professional risk assessment of your premises.

The governments guidance can be found at: https://www.gov.uk/workplace-fire-safety-your-responsibilities/fire-risk-assessments


Find out more about Fire Safety and your responsibilities

In our most recent eBook - A Guide to Life Safety Systems we cover the following with regard to Fire Safety:

  • Codes of practice

  • What a fire risk assessment includes

  • Best practices

  • Fire safety systems, maintenance programme

To download your free copy of our eBook, simply click here.